IF YOU HAD A HEART ATTACK. NOW WHAT?
If you don’t know the answers, then don’t be afraid because you are not alone, many of the heart attack patients feel same scared, confusion and overwhelmed after a heart attack and it’s no surprise. If you suffering from such conditions then you probably received a lot of information and instructions from your doctors, relatives and neighbours also. Now the main task for you is importantly – what you need to do to make sure it doesn’t happen again.
DON’T WAIT FOR SECOND
When you had your first heart attack ? it’s an experience you will never forget- and one you never wants to repeat. Around the 20 percent of patients age 45 and older will have another heart attack within five years of their first.
Don’t wait for a second; make preventing of another heart attack here are five things you can do:
- Take your medication as prescribed.
- Attend your follow-up appointments. Attend your follow-up appointment with doctor will help you to keep track of your condition and recovery.
- Participate in cardiac rehabilitation. Cardiac rehabilitation programme is a medically supervised program designed to help you recover after a heart attack.
- Get support. If you scared after the heart attack, getting support from loved ones or from people who had a heart attack can help you.
- Manage your risk factors. If you are suffering from diabetes, hypertension (high BP) and high blood cholesterol by taking medications, quitting smoking, eating healthy food, and getting active will help you to prevent further heart disease complications in future.
UNDERSTAND YOUR RISK TO PREVENT HEART ATTACK
Knowledge is power to get a handle on the risk of your heart disease. Now the research has been done to identified factors that increase a person’s risk of coronary heart disease. The most common risk factor is the build up of plaque in the arteries of heart that could lead to heart attack.
Major risk Factors:
- Increasing Age: the majority of the patients who dies with coronary heart disease are 65 or older.
- Heredity: children of parents who have heart disease are more likely to develop heart disease themselves. Most of the people with strong family history of heart disease have one or more other risk factors. Like you can’t control your age, sex and race, you can’t control your family history. Therefore the prevention of heart disease is most important factors.
We recommends beginning heart disease prevention early in life, starting by assessing your risk factors and start to keep them low. As soon as you manage your risk factors, the better your chance of leading a healthy heart.
- Tobacco smoke: the people who are smokers they are at the greatest risk of developing coronary heart disease is much higher than that of non-smokers. The other people who does not smoke but exposure to smoke can increases the risk of heart disease.
- High blood cholesterol: as the blood cholesterol level is rises the risk of coronary heart disease is increases. a person’s cholesterol level is also affected by age, sex, heredity and diet.
- Total cholesterol = HDL+ LDL+ 20% of TRIGLYCERIDES.
- Low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol = “bad” cholesterol. A low LDL cholesterol level is considered as good for your health. Lifestyle factors such as a diet high in saturated and trans fats can rise LDL cholesterol.
- High-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol= “good” cholesterol = A person with high HDL cholesterol level in the blood are typically better. People with high blood triglycerides usually have lower the HDL cholesterol. Heredity, type 2 diabetes, smoking, obesity can results in lower the HDL cholesterol.
- Triglycerides = triglycerides is the most common type of fat in the body. Triglyceride level is high with low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol is associated with atherosclerosis which lead to fatty deposits in artery walls that increases the risk for heart attack and stroke.
- High blood pressure: high blood pressure increases the heart’s workload, causing the heart muscle to become a thick and stiff. These stiffening to heart muscle is not normal and causes the heart not to work properly. It also increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure and congestive heart failure.
- Physical inactivity: an lifestyle changes such as inactivity can increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Regular physical activity helps to reduce the risk of heart and blood vessel disease. It also controls the obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol level, diabetes as well as low blood pressure in some people.
- Diabetes: Diabetes seriously increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. If your blood sugar level is high and not properly controlled it increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Person with diabetes and overweight should makes changes in lifestyle to minimise the risk of heart disease.
- Stress: the people with the stress is also responsible to leading a heart disease. Many research have been proven that the relationship between the stress in the life and coronary heart disease risk.
- Alcohol: drinking too much alcohol can raise the blood pressure, increases the cardiomyopathy and stroke, cancer and other disease. It also leads to high triglycerides, irregular heartbeats. Excess alcohol intake can lead to obesity, alcoholism, etc.
PREVENT HEART ATTACK?
Heart attack can occur at any age. If you are over 40 years old, or if you have other risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity then you are more prone to risk to developed heart disease or heart attack.
Heart attack prevention should begin early in life.
HEART – HEALTH BASICS
- If you smoke, stop.
- Work with your physician to manage the risk factors. such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.
- An active lifestyle and good nutrition have also been helpful in preventing heart attack.
- Minimise the stress, lifestyle
- Take your medication regularly.