According to WHO (World Health Organisation); cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the No 1 cause of death Globally. 17.7 million people die every year from Cardiovascular diseases; that is 31 % of all global deaths. These diseases primarily trigger as heart attacks and strokes are due to tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol. These habits are leading to raised blood pressure, elevated blood glucose and overweight and obesity.
WHO is supporting governments around the world to scale-up efforts on CVD prevention and control under three technical packages:
MPOWER for tobacco control
SHAKE for salt reduction
HEARTS for strengthening of CVD management in primary health care.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are disorders of heart and blood vessels which include coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, etc. individuals which having raised blood pressure, glucose, and lipid as well as obesity are the higher risk of CVD.
This conditions can easily measured in primary care facilities. After identify the higher risk of CVDs appropriate treatment can prevent premature deaths.
Protect Heart Health
- Tobacco use (smoking), unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity increases the risk of heart attack and strokes
- Engaging in physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day of week will help to prevent heart attack and strokes.
- Eating at least five serving of fruits and vegetables a day and limiting your salt intake to less than one teaspoon a day, also help to prevent heart attack and strokes.
(credit: World Health Organisation)